A sedentary lifestyle is one of the major risk factors for cardiovascular disease. A sedentary lifestyle is characterized by a lack of regular physical activity or exercise. Physical activity can help control obesity and many of its associated risk factors, such as heart attack, stroke, atherosclerosis, hypertension and diabetes.
Effects on the Heart:
A. Physical activity increases the strength of the heart and its ability to transport oxygen to the body.
Effects on Metabolism:
A. Physical activity improves glycemic control and may improve weight loss.
B. Physical activity improves and maintains cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular strength, endurance and body composition.
Effects on Blood Vessels:
A. Physical activity may reduce the risk of stroke, heart attacks and embolisms.
Effects on Blood Pressure:
A. Physical activity improves reactivity and relaxation of blood vessels.
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