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Metabolic syndrome is a term for a group of metabolic risks factors that occur in one individual. About 35% of US adults have it. People with metabolic syndrome are at increased risk of cardiovascular disease, stroke and type 2 diabetes.
Risk factors for metabolic syndrome:
There are no well-accepted criteria for diagnosing the metabolic syndrome. The criteria proposed by the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel (ATP III) are the most current and widely used.
According to these criteria, metabolic syndrome is identified by three or more of the following:
ATP III did not recommend routine measurement of insulin resistance, prothrombotic state or proinflammatory state.
Lifestyle interventions can reduce risks factors associated with metabolic syndrome and reduce overall cardiovascular risk. These interventions include:
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